Remote Notification Server using APNS & Node Js

Posted on November 29, 2021 at 07:24 AM

Remote-Notification-Server-using-APNS-&-Node-Js

What is a push notification?

Going by the dictionary meaning, “notification is an act or instance of giving information”. It is a very important part of modern day communication devices. A very simple example of a push notification is the ‘sale’ alert user gets on an e-commerce platform. It gives the crux of the sale with a quick read.


Pull notification vs Push notification

Pull-notification-vs-Push-notification

As compared to pull notifications, push notifications are power efficient.

In a pull notification, applications go through a start-stop cycle and poll the server for the new notification. Notification could not be received if the application is closed or the device is not running. This type of notification is more popular with email services.

Whereas in push notification, the server sends the notification to the device. Here, the application receives the notification if the device is on, and in case the device is off, the server holds the messages for a set period of time and tries to deliver the messages again until it is expired.

Firebase Cloud Messaging(FCM), Apple Push Notification Service(APNS), and AWS Short Notification Service(SNS) are some examples of the notifications services.


Setting up a Remote Notification Server using Node Js

There are several types of notifications depending on their use cases. In our use case, we are setting up a remote notification server which generates a notification and sends it to the user through APNS.

Key components for the delivery of notification are

  1. Provider server

  2. Apple Push Notification Service

  3. User’s device

  4. Our application in the device

 Key components for the delivery of notification are

Setup for push notification service

It could be divided into 2 parts:

  1. First establish an“accredited, encrypted, and persistent IP connection” between APNS and the application to get a unique application-specific device token from the APNS.

  2. Visit the official site to set up the communication channel between application and APNS.

  3. Also, the second half of the setup requires a secure and persistent channel between Provider server and APNS. Let’s get into the requirements for the server side application which will be built in Node Js.


Requirements for the server side application built in Node Js

Requirements-for-the-server-side-application-built-in-Node-Js

For this part of the project, let’s directly jump into the code. All the requirements will be explained along the way.

(I’m using VScode for editing as I’m very comfortable with it.)


Execute the following command to create a server using Express Js

  1. mkdir notification-service

  2. cd notification-service

  3. npm init

  4. npm I express apn

  5. Open the folder in VScode and copy the code written below in the `index.js`file.


const express = require(“express”),

app = express(),

{ sendNotification } = require(“./notification-helper”);

app.post(“/notification”, function (req, res) {

const { id, title, body, payload } = req.body;

const deviceToken = “<unique device token>”;

sendNotification({

id,

title,

body,

payload,

deviceToken,

})

.then((data) => res.status(200).json({ data }))

.catch((error) => res.status(200).json({ error }));

});

app.listen(3000);

Here we are creating an HTTP server listening on port 3000. Notification sender will create a POST request to the endpoint `/notification` sending id, title, body, and payload.

Device token is hard coded in here. But in reality, through some user data mapping, these device tokens are retrieved from the database.

These device tokens are not fixed. The APNS could issue a new token depending on the variety of reasons:

  1. User installed the app on a new device

  2. User re-installed OS

  3. The user restored the device from a backup

  4. Several other system related events


Create a new file `notification-helper.js` and copy below written code.

const fs = require(“fs”),

path = require(“path”),

apn = require(“apn”);

const APN_PASSPHRASE = “<Passphrase>”,

APN_CERT = fs.readFileSync( path.join(__dirname, “<PATH / TO / APNs certificate pem>”)),

PRIVATE_KEY = fs.readFileSync(path.join(__dirname, “<PATH / TO / APNs private key>”)),

APN_APP_BUNDLE_ID = “<application-bundle-id>”;

const apnProvider = new apn.Provider({

passphrase: APN_PASSPHRASE,

cert: APN_CERT,

key: PRIVATE_KEY,

production: false,

});

const sendNotification = (data) => {

return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {

try {

const { id, title, body, payload, deviceToken } = data;

const note = new apn.Notification();

note.topic = APN_APP_BUNDLE_ID;

note.expiry = 3600;

note.priority = 10;

note.mutableContent = true;

note.collapseId = id;

note.payload = payload;

note.alert = {

title,

body,

};

apnProvider

.send(note, deviceToken)

.then((result) => {

apnProvider.shutdown();

if (result.failed & result.failed.length) {

reject(result.failed);

} else {

resolve(“success”);

}

})

.catch((e) => {

apnProvider.shutdown();

reject(e.message);

});

} catch (e) {

apnProvider.shutdown();

reject(e.message);

}

});

};

module.exports = {

sendNotification,

};

Now the key points here are:


Get the following informations from developer.apple.com:

  1. APN_CERT (certificate)

  2. APN_PRIVATE_KEY (private key)

  3. APN_PASSPHRASE (passphrase)

  4. APN_APP_BUNDLE_ID(app id / bundle id )

Get the following information from apple developers account. Visit the official website for the steps.


Notification configuration key:

  1. topic

    It is an app’s bundle ID or app ID.

  2. expiry

    APN stores the notification attempts to send the notification span over the period of time before the expiry date

  3. priority

    Notification is sent immediately if priority is 10.

    If priority is 5, then the notification is sent to the device based on power consumption consideration on user’s device

  4. mutableContent

    If set to true, the notification could be modified by notification-service app extensions.

  5. collpaseId

    Each notification sent is made to display to the user. collapseId is used to identify and replace all the notifications with one single notification.

  6. payload

    It is a json data which has a maximum size limit of 4KB and 5KB over VoIP

  7. alert

  8. It sends the notification which invites user’s interaction.

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